VideoCAD

Example 37  Work with background in AutoCAD formats

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Example 37  Work with background in AutoCAD formats

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Example 37  Work with background in AutoCAD formats

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Normal sequence of actions at work in VideoCAD is:

 

1. Loading a background

2. Placing cameras, constructions, 3D models on the baclground.

3. Printing or exporting result of the work.

 

See more: Choice of cameras' quantity and location on the original layout

 

When the background is in AutoCAD format (DXF or DWG), the additional possibilities are offered:

 

Adjusting visibility of layers of the background, chosing layout, hiding texts .

 

Import  constructions from a 2D background in AutoCAD formats to 3D VideoCAD constructions automatically. Use of this tool allows to reduce efforts of outlining background to convert it to 3D constructions.
Adding cameras and constructions of VideoCAD to the background in AutoCAD format on additional layers and then save the background to a file to work with it in AutoCAD.

 

 

Problem

 

There is a floor plan in DXF format. We need to place cameras on it and save the file with the cameras and their view area projections in the same format - DXF.

 

Order of work

 

       1. Loading, scaling and adjusting visibulity of layers of the background

 

Loading and scaling the background is performed by the same way as in the previous examples:

 

1.1 Choose Main menu>Load background>In horizontal projection.

 

1.2 In the appeared dialog choose background file in dxf or dwg format then click Open.

 

1.3 In the appeared dialog Adjust background click Ruler.

 

1.4 Specify by clicking 2 points on the background image, the distance between which is known to you (e.g., the length of a building, a wall, etc.). In the Distance box the measured distance at the current scale will appear.

 

1.5 Enter the known distance into the Real distance box.

 

1.3 If the loaded background is in DXF or DWG format, the dialog includes tools to select a layout and to control visibility of layers of the background, as well as a checkbox to hide texts.

 

To enable/disable layers: choose layers name in the Layers list, then mark or clear the Visible checkbox.

 

1.7 Click OK in the Adjust background dialog.

 

       2. Import of 2D constructions from the background to 3D constructions of VideoCAD

 

It is convenient to import 2D constructions from a background in AutoCAD formats to VideoCAD 3D constructions automatically. Use of this tool allows to reduce efforts of outlining background to convert it to 3D constructions.  Specially prepared background file is not required, but if a background is pre-prepared in AutoCAD, then the efficiency of import will be higher.

 

Order of work:

 

2.1 Load and adjust (scale) the background, show it on the screen.

 

2.2 Choose Main menu>Drawing>Import DXF/DWG background

 

2.3 In the appeared box adjust the Filter of constructions, in order to make visible only constructions you want to import.  You can filter constructions by layout, layer, line type, color, line weight, name.

 

2.4 Make active a layer of VideoCAD, to which you want to import.

 

2.5 On the Toolbar choose a type of VideoCAD construction to which you want to import filtered constructions from the background. You can import to Line segment, Polyline, Inclined rectangle, Double line, Wall, Aperture in wall.

 

While importing to the Aperture in wall, you can cut gaps in existing walls. While importing to the Inclined rectangle , you can make it semitransparent.

 

2.6 On the Current construction parameter panel set parameters of the chosen VideoCAD construction (line type, Heights, Thickness of walls etc.).

 

2.7 Click Import. The result will be the same, as if you have outlined selected constructions manually.

 

Imported constructions are usual VideoCAD constructions, you can edit them.

You can repeat steps 3..7 many times, to import different constructions from the background to different construction types of VideoCAD, on different heights, to different layers, by different colors etc.

Not all types of background constructions can be imported. In VideoCAD8 you can import lines and polylines on the layout or in blocks.

 

       3. Placing cameras

 

Place cameras on the background by the same way as in the previous examples. If lines on the background was transformed to VideoCAD's constructions, you can use shadows. You can see your project in 2D in the Graphics window and in 3D in the 3D World.

 

See previous examples.

 

       4. Adding cameras and constructions of VideoCAD to the background file

 

 

4.1 Move and scale working layout so that the background with cameras will be fully visible on the screen and activate one of the visible on screen cameras.

4.2 Make invisible the layers which you do not want to export.

4.3 Go to Main Menu> Drawing>Save As> *. dxf or Main menu> Drawing> Save As> *.dwg.

4.4 In the appeared Options box

4.4.1 Mark the Add to DXF/DWG background to add cameras and constructions of VideoCAD to the file of the background on separate layers.

4.4.2 Clear the Simplified export, because of during the simplified export adding to background is not supported.

4.4.3 Adjust Sizes of cameras, illuminators, non scalable fonts, hatching and dash lines if necessary.

 

On the Export tab only sizes of non scalable camera icons, illuminators and fonts is specified. If scaling of cameras, illuminators or a font is enabled, then the size of cameras, illuminators or fonts respectively will be exactly as displayed on the screen.

 

4.4.4 If raster images (projections of 3D models) must be inserted into the exported file, mark the Insert raster images.

 

Raster images are exported to a separate <export file name>_img directory in the directory of saving the exported DXF/DWG file. To the DXF/DWG file the references to the raster files are written. You must move the folder with raster images along with the DXF/DWG file.

 

4.5 When finish adjusting export, click OK. Standard file saving dialog will appear. Choose file name and directory then click Save.

 

The resulting file will be a copy of the background supplemented by cameras and constructions placed in additional layers.

 

Cameras with view areas are exported as AutoCAD blocks, view area bounds are exported as polylines. In attributes of the block the most important parameters of the camera are recorded: Name, Model, Lens focal length, Height of installation, Base height, Heights of view area lower and upper bounds, View angles, Number of pixels, Spatial resolution pattern, Quality level.

 

Illuminators are exported as AutoCAD blocks. In attributes of the block the most important parameters of the  illuminator are recorded: Lamp type, Number and power of lamps, Height of installation.

Distribution by layers, set in VideoCAD is saved.

 

 

 

See also: Drawing>Load background, Drawing>Adjust background, Drawing>Save as, Drawing>Import DXF/DWG background, Options box>Export, Export 3D view areas to general 3D design software